This is an overview of the african programs supported by JGI Europe. Research, conservation and education activities are carried out in all of them, in different mixes, but always within the frame of a COMMUNITY CENTRED CONSERVATION methodology. Thus, a number of projects on improvement of livelihood (water and sanitation, health, epidemiology, etc) and wealth creation (ecotourism, manufacture of goods, etc) have also been executed or are being planned.
REPUBLIC OF CONGO:
JGI's chimpanzee sanctuary cares for orphaned chimpanzees victims of the commercial, illegal bushmeat trade. JGI has worked to increase the area of protected habitat for chimpanzees and has created comprehensive management plans for protected areas. JGI also improves local ability to enforce rules protecting these areas and raises awareness within local communities about the importance of great apes and wildlife laws.
SENEGAL AND GUINEA: West African Chimpanzee Conservation program
Southeast Senegal forms the northern boundary of the range of chimpanzee in Africa. They are estimated to be between 200 and 400 individuals of the
subspecies Pan troglodytes verus those still living in this country.
The West African chimpanzee has already disappeared completely in two countries (Benin and Togo), and could soon disappear from five countries, where populations are estimated at less than 1,000 individuals.
Ensure their long-term viability in this area, ensuring the corridors between southern Senegal and northern Guinea (country with 17,000 estimated chimpanzees), would mean a great success for global biodiversity and international recognition of Senegal and Guinea in this field.
The Jane Goodall Institute works in western Tanzania to reduce human population pressures and protect chimpanzees and their forest habitat. In 1994, JGI's community-centered conservation approach was developed through the implementation of the Lake Tanganyika Catchment, Reforestation and Education (TACARE) program in the area in and around Gombe National Park. Since then, the TACARE model has been expanded from Gombe National Park to larger and more pristine chimpanzee habitat to the south.
Programs and projects supported by JGI Europe
Building on its experience working in Uganda since 1996, JGI, in partnership with the Ugandan National Forest Authority (NFA), launched the Budongo ecotourism project in 2006 with funding from the American people through the United States Agency for International Development. The goal of the project was to provide sustainable revenue generating opportunities from ecotourism to support the protection and maintenance of Budongo. The ecotourism site is located within Uganda’s Budongo Central Forest Reserve, which is home to critical populations of chimpanzees and other endangered species.
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO:
As part of the Congo Basin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) contains the world's second largest rainforest. There are estimated to be roughly 70,000 to 100,000 chimpanzees in the DRC. Threats to the great apes in the country include hunting for the illegal, commercial bushmeat trade, mining, deforestation and civil strife. In response to these threats, the Jane Goodall Institute (JGI) is leading a conservation action plan (CAP) in the eastern DRC. The CAP will target more than 66 million acres, which contain approximately 15,000 chimpanzees and somewhere between 3,000-5,000 gorillas.
Kibale Snare Removal Team
A substantial part of the East-African subspecies of the chimpanzees (pan troglodytes schweinfurthü) lives in Uganda. The last big forest districts of this East- African land can be found in the west and southwest of Uganda. The Jane Goodall Institute has, apart from the management of the Budongo Forest Reserve, programmes running in other areas of Uganda as well. In these areas JGI organizes ecotourism projects, environmental education, chimpanzee- research and a snare intervention program. The longest running and most successful snare removal program was established by JGI in the Kibale National Park. Kibale also houses the biggest population of chimpanzees in Uganda.
The “Sanganigwa Children`s Home” orphanage is situated in Kigoma, one of the most isolated and undeveloped areas of Tanzania. It gives hospitality to children and teenagers from 4 to 24 years old (the age of the orphans is more or less approximate due to the lack of documents regarding the birth of each child). The children belong to different ethnic and religious groups, and most of them are orphans because of AIDS.
Some children arrived at the Sanganigwa centre after they had been living on the streets, where they put up with the most humiliating and hardest jobs. The children and teenagers who are orphans or abandoned are reported by the police or the local Catholic Church, when nobody is able to take care of them. Sometimes they still have relatives, but they are extremely poor and in many cases they are already taking care of other children of the family.